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Sustainability integration in industrial design education: a worldwide survey

Industrial design course leaders from 221 schools around the world responded to an online survey on sustainability integration within their undergraduate degree programs. The survey showed that the majority of the programs had either compulsory or elective subjects on sustainable design. Prescribing materials with lower environmental impacts, design using recycled or reused materials, design for disassembly and recyclability, as well as life cycle analysis, were the most commonly used approaches for teaching and learning sustainable product development. Respondents reported a very broad range of sustainable design activities initiated within their programs, either as final-year projects or embedded within studio courses